User:Zzo38/Mapper D

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This mapper is designed to be possible to write a game that can run on both this mapper and the MMC5, even though most of the features of MMC5 aren't needed.

(The main reason for inventing this is so that a game can be written using 64K RAM and 256K ROM, can be emulated using existing emulators without modifying it, and can be easily made into a cartridge using discrete logic components.)

Registers

There are two (write-only) registers. Canonically they're mapped at $5113 and $5115, but they respond to writes at any address matching this pattern:

[..01 .... .... .?..]

Where the question mark selects the register. There will be bus conflicts if you write the register using the addresses which are in the ROM ($9000-$9FFF or $D000-$DFFF), and writes to mirrors of internal RAM at $1000-$1FFF also trigger this register (you shouldn't ordinarily do this).

$5113: PRG RAM bank

Register 0 is the RAM bank register. All the bits are used to select a 8K RAM bank at $6000-$7FFF. (According to Disch's notes, assume 64K RAM if the NES 2.0 header isn't present.)

$5115: PRG ROM bank

Register 1 is the ROM bank register. All bits except for the highest and lowest bit select a 16K ROM bank at $8000-$BFFF.

7654 3210
|||| ||||
|||| |||+- Always 0
|+++-+++-- Select 16K PRG ROM bank at $8000-$BFFF
+--------- Always 1

Using MMC5 as this mapper

If you want to write a program which works both with MMC5 and with the mapper described here, there are a few things to do.

One is to initialize the MMC5 registers. All initializations must be in the last 8K bank at $E000-$FFFF. The assignments listed below should work (I hope):

  • $5100: $01
  • $5101: $00
  • $5102: $01
  • $5103: $02
  • $5105: Set according to mirroring bit in header
  • $5200: $00
  • $5204: $00

Now when writing to the registers of this mapper, you must use:

  • $5113 for accessing register 0
  • $5115 for accessing register 1, and the high bit of the data must be set

In addition, you shouldn't write to $1000-$1FFF since that is both RAM and registers in this mapper, but is RAM only for MMC5; it mirrors the $0000-$07FF RAM internally in the console unit but due to this reason, don't try to write to there.