Difference between revisions of "APU period table"

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(Table generator: Explained why the PAL table differs)
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== See also ==
 
== See also ==
*[http://www.freewebs.com/the_bott/NotesTableNTSC.txt Celius' NTSC table]
+
*[[Celius_NTSC_table|Celius' NTSC table]]
*[http://www.freewebs.com/the_bott/NotesTablePAL.txt Celius' PAL table]
+
*[[Celius_PAL_table| Celius' PAL table]]

Revision as of 02:36, 6 April 2010

APU Pulse and APU Triangle use "period" values to set the pitch of the note. But some people might not know the piano key frequencies or how to convert them to periods for the NES. Fortunately, this has been done for you.

Lookup table

Here's a lookup table from note numbers to the values to write to the pulse and triangle period registers. For the triangle channel, the first value corresponds to the lowest key on a standard piano (an A). The pulse waves sound one octave higher.

; NTSC period table generated by mktables.py
.export periodTableLo, periodTableHi
.segment "RODATA"
periodTableLo:
  .byt $f1,$7f,$13,$ad,$4d,$f3,$9d,$4c,$00,$b8,$74,$34
  .byt $f8,$bf,$89,$56,$26,$f9,$ce,$a6,$80,$5c,$3a,$1a
  .byt $fb,$df,$c4,$ab,$93,$7c,$67,$52,$3f,$2d,$1c,$0c
  .byt $fd,$ef,$e1,$d5,$c9,$bd,$b3,$a9,$9f,$96,$8e,$86
  .byt $7e,$77,$70,$6a,$64,$5e,$59,$54,$4f,$4b,$46,$42
  .byt $3f,$3b,$38,$34,$31,$2f,$2c,$29,$27,$25,$23,$21
  .byt $1f,$1d,$1b,$1a,$18,$17,$15,$14
periodTableHi:
  .byt $07,$07,$07,$06,$06,$05,$05,$05,$05,$04,$04,$04
  .byt $03,$03,$03,$03,$03,$02,$02,$02,$02,$02,$02,$02
  .byt $01,$01,$01,$01,$01,$01,$01,$01,$01,$01,$01,$01
  .byt $00,$00,$00,$00,$00,$00,$00,$00,$00,$00,$00,$00
  .byt $00,$00,$00,$00,$00,$00,$00,$00,$00,$00,$00,$00
  .byt $00,$00,$00,$00,$00,$00,$00,$00,$00,$00,$00,$00
  .byt $00,$00,$00,$00,$00,$00,$00,$00

Table generator

This Python program generated the above lookup table. You can use it to make a table for a PAL NES, which has a different CPU clock rate, or you can adjust it for other musical tuning systems:

#!/usr/bin/env python
#
# Lookup table generator for note periods
# Copyright 2010 Damian Yerrick
#
# Copying and distribution of this file, with or without
# modification, are permitted in any medium without royalty
# provided the copyright notice and this notice are preserved.
# This file is offered as-is, without any warranty.
#
from __future__ import with_statement, division
import sys

lowestFreq = 55.0
ntscOctaveBase = 39375000.0/(22 * 16 * lowestFreq)
palOctaveBase = 266017125.0/(10 * 16 * 16 * lowestFreq)
maxNote = 80

def makePeriodTable(filename, pal=False):
    semitone = 2.0**(1./12)
    octaveBase = palOctaveBase if pal else ntscOctaveBase
    relFreqs = [(1 << (i // 12)) * semitone**(i % 12)
                for i in xrange(maxNote)]
    periods = [int(round(octaveBase / freq)) - 1 for freq in relFreqs]
    systemName = "PAL" if pal else "NTSC"
    with open(filename, 'wt') as outfp:
        outfp.write("""; %s period table generated by mktables.py
.export periodTableLo, periodTableHi
.segment "RODATA"
periodTableLo:\n"""
                    % systemName)
        for i in range(0, maxNote, 12):
            outfp.write('  .byt '
                        + ','.join('$%02x' % (i % 256)
                                   for i in periods[i:i + 12])
                        + '\n')
        outfp.write('periodTableHi:\n')
        for i in range(0, maxNote, 12):
            outfp.write('  .byt '
                        + ','.join('$%02x' % (i >> 8)
                                   for i in periods[i:i + 12])
                        + '\n')

def makePALPeriodTable(filename):
    return makePeriodTable(filename, pal=True)

tableNames = {
    'period': makePeriodTable,
    'palperiod': makePALPeriodTable
}

def main(argv):
    if len(argv) >= 2 and argv[1] in ('/?', '-?', '-h', '--help'):
        print "usage: %s TABLENAME FILENAME" % argv[0]
        print "known tables:", ' '.join(sorted(tableNames))
    elif len(argv) < 3:
        print "mktables: too few arguments; try %s --help" % argv[0]
    elif argv[1] in tableNames:
        tableNames[argv[1]](argv[2])
    else:
        print "mktables: no such table %s; try %s --help" % (argv[1], argv[0])

if __name__=='__main__':
    main(sys.argv)

See also