INES Mapper 178

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iNES Mapper 178 is used by some games from Waixing (on a PCB named FS305), Nanjing (on a PCB named NJ0430), Jncota and Henge Dianzi as well as some educational computers from GameStar, a.k.a. Belsonic. The chipset is designed for using 8 KiB of chip-internal unbanked CHR-RAM, but can address external RAM/ROM as well, banked in 8 KiB amounts. Circuit boards described by iNES Mapper 178 connect external RAM as bankable PRG-RAM mapped to CPU $6000-$7FFF.

A company named Gameinis uses this chipset along with an infrared sensor built right into the cartridge shell. This sensor will generate IRQs upon detecting movement. As some non-sensor mapper 178 games are bothered by IRQs that they are not expecting, Submapper 0 denotes the absence, Submapper 1 the presence of the infrared sensor, used by at least the following cartridges:

  • Gameinis Boxing+Soccer
  • Gameinis Ping Pong


  • CPU $6000-$7FFF: 8 KiB switchable PRG-RAM bank
  • CPU $8000-$FFFF: 16/32 KiB PRG-ROM bank, switchable
  • PPU $0000-$1FFF: 8 KiB unbanked CHR-RAM
  • Nametable mirroring: Switchable horizontal/vertical settings


Mode Register ($4800)

7654 3210
.... .SSM
      ||+- Nametable mirroring
      ||    0: Vertical
      ||    1: Horizontal
      ++-- PRG banking mode
            0: NROM-256/BNROM (PRG A14=CPU A14)
            1: UNROM (PRG A14..16=111b if CPU A14=1)
            2: NROM-128
            3: UNROM but with bit 0 of "fixed" bank selectable
               (PRG A15..16=11b if CPU A14=1)

Low PRG Bank Register ($4801)

7654 3210
.... .LLL
      +++- PRG A16..A14

This can be considered an inner bank register for UNROM mode.

High PRG Bank Register ($4802)

7654 3210
++++-++++- PRG A24?..A17

This can be considered an outer bank register for UNROM mode.

PRG-RAM Bank register ($4803)

7654 3210
++++-++++- PRG-RAM A20?..A13

PRG-RAM is mapped to CPU $6000-$7FFF and is banked in 8 KiB amounts.


Some cartridges have an additional infrared sensor. Infrared receiving is working by having two registers:

 $5000-$5FFF:  [.... ...V]  (read only)
    V = read current bit from IR sensor
 $6000-$7FFF:  [I... ....]  (write only)
    I = set to activate interrupts by infrared signal

The I bit is set at power-on, i.e. without writing to the $6000-$7FFF register, interrupts will be enabled.


  • The commonly-available ROM images of
    • 宠物: 小精灵 IV (Chǒngwù: Xiǎo Jīnglíng IV), headerless CRC32 0xB0B13DBD
    • Education Computer 32-in-1 (Game Star) [!], headerless CRC32 0xF834F634
will not work when emulated using the above description. The meaning of registers $4801 and $4802 is swapped, and an emulator must shift the value of $4802 one bit to the left before ORing with $4801. While it cannot be ruled out that these games use an alternative version of the hardware, the more likely explanation is that these are simply bad dumps (notwithstanding GoodNES 3.23b's [!] tag) where the dumper confused the two bank registers.
  • Supposedly, the new PRG bank is only committed when $4801 is written. Emulating this supposed behavior however will break Ping Pong, while commiting the PRG bank after any $480x write does not seem to break anything else.
  • Most of the educational computers using this mapper require Dendy video timing and will freeze at various points when run with NTSC timing.
  • The Waixing FS305 circuit board connects PRG A14 directly to CPU A14, making all PRG banking modes except BNROM unusable. Since it writes the correct banking mode to $4800, it does not require any special treatment.

See also